Key components of braces in El Paso & Fort Bliss TX

Dental braces or braces or orthodontics cases are used by the orthodontists to align misaligned (overbite or underbite) and/or crooked teeth. Braces in El Paso & Fort Bliss TX often come with wires, bands and other removable or fixed dental corrective appliances.

How braces work

Braces typically work by applying constant pressure over a longer period of time to gradually but slowly move your teeth in a particular direction. As the teeth moves, the jaw bones change shape owing to the pressure applied.

Components of dental braces

  • Brackets – These are small squares bonded directly to the front of your teeth with a dental bonding agent. They can be attached to orthodontic bands as well. Brackets work like handles to hold arch wires which move the teeth. Brackets are usually made of stainless steel. But plastic or tooth-colored ceramic brackets are also available. Brackets are joined to the back of the teeth so they can’t be seen.

  • Orthodontic bands – These are clear or tooth-colored, stainless steel appliances that get cemented to your teeth with some bonding agents. Bands wrap around every tooth and act like an anchor for the brackets. The tooth-colored bands are cosmetically more preferred but costlier than the bands made of stainless steel. Bands are not implanted in every patient; some are treated with brackets only and no band.

  • Spacers – These work as separators. They are typically fit between teeth and create a small place before placement of bands.

  • Arch wires – These wires are attached to the brackets and work as tracks to regulate the teeth movement. Like brackets and braces, they are also available in both stainless steel and tooth-colored ceramic.

  • Buccal tube – This tube positioned on the band of the last tooth helps in holding end of arch wire in proper place.

  • Ties – These are fine wires or small rings made of rubber. They tie arch wire to the brackets.

  • Ligatures – These are very small elastic bands holding arch wires to the dental brackets.

  • Springs – They are usually placed on arch wires to pull, push, open or close (as required) spaces between the teeth.

  • Elastic bands – They are attached to the hooks on the brackets and worn between upper teeth and lower teeth in different ways. They are used to apply pressure and move upper teeth against lower teeth to get an ideal fit for individual teeth.

  • Facebow headgear – This is a wire gadget used to move upper molar teeth back in the mouth to fix bite discrepancies. It is also used to make room for the crowded teeth. Facebow headgear consists of a horseshoe-shaped inner metal part that gets into the mouth and is attached to buccal tubes and an outer part attached to the headgear strap. It goes around the outside of your face.

Apart from the traditional braces, a new option namely mini-braces, which are small than the former ones, can also be implanted. It all depends on your individual choice, need and budget, and top of all, the discretion of your dentist in Socorro & El Paso TX.

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